GEMSBOK FACT FILE
GEMSBOK FACT FILE
Latin Name: Oryx gazella
Distribution in South Africa
Gemsbok or Oryx were traditionally found in the northwestern and western parts of South Africa, which is the Northern Cape, Kalahari, North West and Western Cape.
In the present day, due to commercial game farming and through breeding and selling, they occur throughout South Africa on game farms. There are no Gemsbok in the Kruger National Park, but they can be seen in a number of other parks especially in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park.
Gemsbok prefer dry areas, open savannah and desert grassland.
They are gregarious and occur in medium to large breeding herds (mixed bulls, cows and calves), herds consisting of bulls only (bachelor herds) as well as territorial bulls.
Day or night
Mainly active by day.
Difference between bull and cow
Both Bulls and cows have horns. The bulls have horns that are more symmetrical and thicker towards the base and the cows often have longer horns, although thinner and often asymmetrical. Bulls are heavier and of stockier build than cows.
Male (Bull): 240 Kilograms
Female (Cow): 210 Kilograms
Gemsbok reach sexual maturity after about two years. Usually one calf is born after which calf is hidden away (in tall grass or shrubs) from the herd for up to 6 weeks. The cow visits often to let the calf suckle. After the period of about six weeks the calf is introduced to the herd.
15 to 19 years
Diet / Food and water
They are mainly grazers (grass eaters) but also eat pods of especially the Camel thorn (Acacia erioloba), small shrubs and bushes. They also dig up roots and bulbs to eat, from which they get moisture and thus do not need water often.
Mainly Lion, Leopard, Hyena, Humans.